Sociology Coursework


I need a paper written, I have included the outline and articles to be used.
4-6 page type-written pages (exclusive of the cover page, abstract, table of contents, and a reference list),
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· Standard 1” margins (Please use full justification).
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Women in healthcare


            Women are charged with the responsibility of making healthcare decisions in many households. Thus, one would expect them to play a central role in the making of key decisions in medical care institutions. Unfortunately, this is not the case since women operating in this field continue to face numerous challenges ranging from lack of leadership mentorship and inadequate access to professional training. Nevertheless, as demonstrated in this paper, there is no shortage of opportunities for women to break the glass ceiling by rising to top leadership positions.


Abstract 1

Introduction. 1

Women in Leadership Positions. 2

Racial Segregation. 2

Wage Differences. 3

Mentorship for Women in Leadership. 3

The Role of Training. 4

The Future for Women in being Health Care Leaders. 4

Conclusion. 5

Works Cited. 6


Women play a vital role in healthcare delivery, both as top leaders and as middle-level managers. Although there is significant female representation in this field, women face challenges in their efforts to achieve career growth like it is the case in other professionals. These challenges are manifested through racial segregation, wage differences, lack of mentorship in healthcare leadership, and limited healthcare training opportunities. The aim of this paper is to elaborate on the responsibility of women in healthcare while also showing the challenges they experience in attaining leadership positions as compared to their male counterparts. Furthermore, the paper will highlight the problem of racial segregation not only faced in institutions of learning but also in the employment field and how this has affected the female representation in the decision-making platforms of many healthcare facilities.


Women in Leadership Positions

            There has been a rise in the number of women in healthcare. This has especially been noted in the field of nursing and pediatrics where there is significant female representation. The increase in the other fields, for instance, in surgery, has also been significant. Despite this increase, there is a lack of progress in terms of women’s ascent into executive positions. Many healthcare facilities have a higher representation in executive roles for men than that for women. This has been noted not just in hospitals but also in institutions of learning where many of the medical professors in high faculty ranks are male. According to Bellstom, 89% of the women are below the rank of professor in medical training institutions, which shows that women are being subordinated when it comes to leadership (2).

Racial Segregation

            In addition to this, women, especially those of color, experience a greater challenge than in their efforts to acquire leadership roles in the field. Racial segregation is still evident in society today, and it is being experienced not just in institutions of learning but also in hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Although there are many women in healthcare, black women face a much lower chance of acquiring an executive role in a medical institution. Hence, racial segregation makes it difficult for a woman to become a leader in the sector.

Wage Differences

            Furthermore, women in the field experience challenge due to unequal pay. In many healthcare institutions, men are paid higher than women even though they perform the same tasks. According to Chase, women in executive positions are paid $5100 less than men holding the same positions annually. Gamble uses the “Sticky floor concept” to sum up the above case, arguing that women are paid much less in comparison to men despite their being promoted to executive positions. As a result of the differences in wage level, women tend to occupy inferior positions particularly in areas where their male counterparts pose competition. This makes it hard for them to express their thoughts and opinions clearly, for example, in meetings where men are the majority. In many instances, they can suggest an idea only for it to end up being disregarded; however, when a man reintroduces the same idea, the individuals in the meeting may support it. Gamble refers to this problem as the “invisible person syndrome”.

Mentorship for Women in Leadership

            The lack of mentees has also influenced the subordinate role played by women despite them working harder than some of their male counterparts to rise to executive roles in the healthcare industry. Mentorship plays a vital role in leadership development. Due to the low number of women in the field, there are few opportunities for them to rise through the ranks to become leaders. Furthermore, due to this situation, many institutions would stick to the norm of having male leaders as they can predict the form of leadership which will be used based on the expectation of conformance with predecessors’ practices. The institutions are reluctant to have female executives as the leadership role would be handled differently, hence potentially affecting day-to-day operations. In addition to this, it is difficult for a woman to hold an executive role due to the high level of dedication involved. This does not mean that women are not dedicated to their jobs; rather it means that they are more likely to be distracted by the rigors of raising a family such as pregnancy than men (Boulis & Jacobs 24).

The Role of Training

            Moreover, the low number of women in leadership has been contributed to the kind of training they get particularly in the areas of leadership and management as compared to their male counterparts. Women’s limited access to these opportunities greatly influences many healthcare facilities’ reluctance to give them management-related responsibilities. Therefore, it becomes harder for them to be promoted than men. This means that they have to harder than their male counterparts to acquire the skills for promotion. However, the situation is changing because there has been a significant increase in the number of women who are aggressively pursuing management training in the medical field. Acquiring training in the area will lead to an increase in opportunities for them to rise to leadership positions since they will not only have an interest in performing the roles but will also have adequate training relating to it. Thus, the medical sector is highly likely to record a significant rise in the number of women in leadership in the foreseeable future.

The Future for Women in being Health Care Leaders

Meanwhile, the role of women in the field is already changing. Due to the increase in the number of women in the field and the increase in the number of healthcare institutions, there are more opportunities for women to assume more challenging top-management positions. Furthermore, because there have been cases where women have performed well as executive leaders in some contemporary medical institutions, mentorship opportunities for aspiring female executives have correspondingly increased. Hence, individuals who are interested in taking up leadership roles can get appropriate training and advice from these mentors. However, rising up in leadership comes up with its own set of challenges for women. For instance, it requires that the women must dare to take up these positions in hospitals that have traditionally refused to accommodate female executives despite the fact that women have traditionally dominated the healthcare industry, particularly as caregivers. The percentage of women in executive roles should efficiently represent this dominant role of women. Racial prejudices should not emerge as a stumbling block in this undertaking. This will ensure that the opinion and the interest of all parties are accommodated, leading to a rapid provision in health care provision (Chase).


            In conclusion, women play a great role in the healthcare industry. Moreover, their high population in healthcare facilities qualify them as capable leaders who should be entrusted with healthcare delivery not just in subordinate levels but also in executive leadership. Involving them in decision making is crucial as they will bring in suggestions that are motivated by their one-on-one interactions with patients. Moreover, due to the high experience the women have, they will be able to suggest which decisions will affect the greatest number of patients in a positive manner. Efficiency in healthcare should be fostered because this will ensure that patients get the quality medical care that leads to improvement in their overall wellbeing. The role of women in achieving this goal should not be overlooked. Thus, they should be fully involved in making key decisions in the sector both in top leadership and operational levels.

Works Cited

Bellstom, Kristen. “Why Healthcare isn’t as Female – friendly as you Think.” Fortune, March 25, 2013. Web.

Boulis, Ann and Jacobs, Jerry. The Changing Face of Medicine: Women Doctors and the Evolution of Health Care in America. London: ILR Press, 2008. Print.

Chase, Dave. “Women in Healthcare Report: 4% of CEOs, 73% of Managers.” Forbes, July 26, 2012. Web.

Diamond, Dan. “Women Make Up 80% of Health Care Workers – but just 40% of Executives.” Advisory, August 26, 2014. Web.

Gamble, Molly. “Shattering Glass Ceilings: Women in Hospital C- Suite.” Becker’s Hospital Review, August 24, 2011. Web.

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