Criminal justice paper

Choosing Criminal Justice Intervention Approaches

Criminal justice intervention approaches describe an array of strategies embraced by security personnel and stakeholders when applying rational correction measures to offenders. The choice of the most suitable methods depends on the consideration of various factors. Some of the factors that are of obvious concern include the nature of the crime, severity, and causal factors. Each crime conforms to a variety of formulas that differentiate its uniqueness. Hee-Jong (2003) defines crime as any undertaking that violates legal and moral practices beyond tolerable levels. The definition highlights two possible categories of crime: legal and ethical crimes.

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Criminal justice intervention programs tend to consider these two forms of crime to assign the most suitable corrective actions. Crime against legal frameworks violates laws enacted by political systems whereas cases related to moral delinquency entail an infringement of societal norms, mores, and culture (Hee-Jong, 2003). Moral and legal offenses are addressed by societal and administrative institutions respectively. Therefore, approaches geared towards executing criminal justice should consider the categories to ensure that the right agency performs the desired strategy. 

Besides, the extent to which a criminal act occurs is crucial in determining the suitable intervention approach. Legal structures classify various crimes according to the level of brutality. Cases of murder, rape, and massacre are treated as the grave while arson, theft, and pickpocketing are described as less severe (Hee-Jong, 2003). Thus, the intervention strategies adopted should consider the gravity of the crime before a decision is made on a suitable correction measure. The gravest criminal cases receive more attention compared to less aggravated ones.

Lastly, causal factors also play a pivotal role in determining the most appropriate criminal justice intervention programs. For example, some crime is committed through ignorance or involuntary mental incapacitation. Criminal intervention institutions ought to consider these factors in terms of how they trigger the execution of the offense. Offenders with mental disorders tend to commit the acts unwillingly while ignorance involves deliberate execution (Rotter & Amory, 2011). While voluntary acts deserve stern legal actions, those cases linked to mental breakdown require consideration of rational corrective strategies. The former suits imprisonment whereas the latter warrants enrollment to special rehabilitation facilities that address the needs of mentally ill people.

References

Hee-Jong, J. (2003). Crime and crime control. Social Indicators Research, 62(1), 239-263.

Rotter, M. & Amory, C. (2011). Targeting criminal recidivism in mentally-ill offenders: Structured clinical approaches. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(6), 723-726.

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