History Research Papers

History papers are oftentimes difficult to write especially at the undergraduate level. Students are required to not only write about historical events events but also  to focus on the historiography of those events in order to come up with the most objective version of events. Here at Termpaperchampions.com, we offer reliable services on history assignments. It is now easy to buy academic papers online and our writing service is testimony to that. You may get an idea about the quality of our history papers by reading the sample paper below. For ease of evaluation and analysis, the question based on which the paper was written has also been presented.

Question

The goal of this assignment is to analyze these sources and use them to construct
an argument regarding the theme or region under consideration. Remember not to
summarize your sources, but to treat them as pieces of historical evidence. The paper
must employ critical analysis and should consider both the text and context of the sources.
Helpful questions to keep in mind as your work on your paper:
Who is the intended audience of your sources?
Is your source prescriptive or descriptive?
What are the biases inherent in your sources?
What are the limitations of the particular genre of your sources?
What questions do your sources leave unanswered?
Look at the primary sources. Either deal with the geographical region (for example: Jews in Iraq) or deal with the same theme (for example: regeneration, Zionism).
When dealing with these two primary sources: Developing a solid argument is very important and it should be stated in the introduction paragraph.

Answer

The aim of this paper is to provide an analysis of two historical sources. The first one is entitled “Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq, 1934” and the second one is “Excerpts from a Zionist Pamphlet exhorting Iraqi Jews to Learn from the Lesson of the Farhud”, and it was authored in 1941. These two articles provide an idea on the suffering that Jews in Iraq endured during the 1930s and 1940s. The paper sets out to examine the sources in terms of their content, intended audience, inherent biases, limitations, and the questions that they leave unanswered. The thesis of this paper is that although Jews in Iraq have suffered untold suffering in the hands of Muslim Iraqis, their plight has often been treated with a lot of subjectivity with a view to promote Zionist objectives. Accounts of this suffering need to be reexamined in order to verify the information provided and achieve the goal of objectivity. In other words, historians must be careful to achieve an objective voice in their assessment of sources that narrate problems that Jews have suffered in the hands of Muslims in Iraq.

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In the context of this paper, the two sources act as crucial sources of historical evidence about the suffering of Jews in Iraq. In “Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq” (1934), the author examines the relationship between the Jews and their aghas, or masters in remote villages in Iraq.[1] In this article, Jews are viewed as slaves who live and work at the mercy of the aghas or masters. The masters treat Jews simply as their personal property. The image created here is that of Jews who seem free but in fact are not.

The second source, which is in the form of a pamphlet, also provides gory details of the kind of suffering that Jews in Iraq have had to endure in Iraq.[2] The pamphlet focuses primarily on killings that occurred in two frightful days. The author of this pamphlet argues that Jews have bowed into slavery in the hope that this will protect them from being killed, discriminated against, and annihilated. From the evidence provided, the author argues that this strategy has simply failed to work. In both articles, there is reference to the subject of slavery. The difference is that in one article, slavery was taking place in rural areas while in the other, it was taking place in a city.

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The environment of segregation in which Jews live in the city is evident in the description provided. As attackers descend on Jews, they know where the Jewish quarters are located. They target these quarters at night with a view to cause death and untold destruction. The following day, the attackers know where the Jews’ commercial stores and shops are located and they attack them too. This description creates an impression of a community that is unwanted in Iraq.

A major concern for the author of the pamphlet is that Jews in Iraq seem to have done virtually everything under the sun to secure the trust of Arabs. All these efforts seem to have failed miserably. Some of the efforts that the Jews made included abandoning the Hebrew language, halting activities involving donations for the sake of promoting the Land of Israel, and participation in efforts to build the nation of Iraq. A case in point is that of rich Jews who generously contributed towards a fund for the Palestinian Patriotic Fighters. This way, the Jews, particularly the rich ones, seem to have attempted to buy their way to safety in Iraq.

In rural areas, submission to slavery seems to have been the best way through which poor, uneducated Jews could buy their safety  and win the trust of their Muslim masters. The typical Jew in the rural areas is a small merchant, weaver, dyer, or farmer. He or she occupies the lowest tier in the social-class hierarchy of the Kurdish society. The agha is the Jews protector but sometimes turns into his tormentor, robbing him of his priciest valuables. The agha also acts as a judge whenever disputes arise and always delivers ruling in favor of his fellow Muslims. Going by the historical information provided in the articles, many things have gone wrong for Jews in Iraq. However, for a historian, one of the issues that deserve to be observed from a critical perspective is the objectivity of the sources. One of the ways of assessing objectivity is by examining the intended audience.

The article entitled “Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq” is intended primarily for the Jewish community especially in Iraq, or so it seems. This is evident in the recommendation that the author makes towards the end; the author recommends that Kurdish Jews should gradually move to Palestine. In light of this recommendation, the main question that arises is on whether the accounts of suffering among Kurdish Jews have been exaggerated to justify this recommendation. This question is important particularly when assessed in the context of the second article (“Excerpts from a Zionist Pamphlet”), which provides accounts of wealthy Jews living and owning shops and commercial stores in Iraqi cities. In both articles, there is no reference to other sources. For this reason, scholars may be reluctant to approve of these articles as credible scholarly sources.

The Jewish Zionist cause especially in relation to migration to Palestine is at the heart of discussions made in the article “Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq”. However, it is worthwhile to note that the article does not offer a solution to the problems being faced by Kurdish Jews. The author admits that even the best solution, which involves migrating gradually to Palestine, may hit a snag because of the Palestinian government’s move to impose restrictions on Jewish immigration into the territory. However, by targeting the Jewish community, sympathizers, commentators, and scholars with a moving account of the suffering of Jewish people in the rural areas of Iraq, the author sets the stage for an important debate. At the start of this debate, the commentators, sympathizers, commentators, and scholars would first and foremost need to address the issue of objectivity. They would be expected to verify the information provided in the article for authenticity and credibility.

Similarly, the second article, “Excerpts from a Zionist Pamphlet”, was seemingly intended primarily for the Jewish community in Iraq. The objective of the author is evidently to awaken the consciousness of the Jewish people and to influence them to embrace Zionism. The aim is to trigger renewed enthusiasm for efforts to develop and protect the Jewish nation of Israel. Again, historians may want to crosscheck facts presented in the article to ensure that they are credible and authentic. It may have been convenient for the author to adopt a subjective view of the circumstances of Jews in Iraq in efforts to create a sense of urgency in the Zionist cause.

The articles are biased in several ways. For instance, it may not be true that the Jew who lives in rural areas in Iraq under the control of aghas has no recourse to any authority. Before agreeing to such a claim, a historian may first want to examine the likelihood that the Iraqi national government may have been making some efforts to address the plight of Kurdish Jews. It may also be inaccurate for the authors of these articles to paint a picture of complete helplessness without proper justification. For example, the pamphlet contains information about rich Jews living in urban areas in Iraq. These Jews, by virtue of their elevated status in society, were in a position to exert influence and provide help to their kith and kin.

A historian who is adept at examining even the most biased articles for information will notice that these two articles give an idea of the kind of suffering that Jews in Iraq have had to endure. The bias in the articles is evident in the answers that they provide to the solutions being considered Jews. According to the article on “Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq, 1934”, the best solution is for Iraqi Jews to gradually move to Palestine. However, this solution also poses new challenges for the Jews, for instance the imposition of restrictions on immigration by the Palestinian government.  The second article is more straightforward in terms of its Zionist inclination: Iraq Jews should establish a Hebrew National State with Hebrew Power. In conclusion, the circumstances of Jews in Iraq motivated adherents of Zionist to adopt a subjective voice while narrating their ordeal with a view to promote efforts to establish a Jewish state.

 

References

Franco, Y, Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq. Mosul, 26 June 1934, Archives of the AIU, Irak.

(No author) Excerpts from a Zionist Pamphlet exhorting Iraqi Jews to Learn from the Lesson of the Farhud. Translated from “The Tragedy of 1st and 2nd June 1941 in the Capital of Iraq”, PRO, London, 1941.

End Notes

[1] Franco, Y, Kurdish Jews of Northern Iraq. Mosul, 26 June 1934, Archives of the AIU, Irak.

[2] (No author), Excerpts from a Zionist Pamphlet exhorting Iraqi Jews to Learn from the Lesson of the Farhud. Translated from “The Tragedy of 1st and 2nd June 1941 in the Capital of Iraq”, PRO, London, 1941.

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