Sample Economics Paper


Assignment Question

Critically review the impact of the global financial crisis of 2007 on research and development (R&D) investment for a firm, industry, and country. Illustrate each of your arguments with examples from the business world.

Please ensure that you make use of an appropriate economics-based theoretical framework, which employs suitable concepts developed in this course, as well as appropriate examples in support of your answer.

Assignment Guidance

The individual assignment for Economics of Industry counts for 30% of the total mark. The assignment should be 1,000 words (maximum), excluding footnotes and bibliography, to be submitted by the submission deadline.

This assignment should be typed using any word-processing software such as MS Word. Write a clearly written document, preferably typed using size 12 fonts. You may typeset your document using double or one-half spacing, but single-spaced documents are perfectly acceptable. Leave adequate margins on the sides for comments (at least one-inch margins should be allowed). Students are advised to adhere to the published word limits. Students aiming to achieve an unfair advantage through a breach of word limits will be penalized in line with School policy. It is advisable to read a draft prior to final submission and check your grammar and spelling (use a spellchecker). It is important to pay attention to both structure and content. To paraphrase Aristotle’s argument in Poetics (c. 335 BC): “A whole is that which has beginning, middle, and end.”

It is useful to do some preliminary research prior to writing your essay. Consult a few references other than the main text. Do not place any reliance on weak online sources such as Wikipedia/ tutor2u etc. It is essential to focus on more academically credible sources. While preparing your answer, you should try to make use of the formal concepts and economic principles that are discussed in the lectures and provided within the course material. Do not simply provide general answers. Instead, do try and demonstrate your subject specific knowledge. Use examples and/ or diagrams, as appropriate, including from the economics and financial press. You should consult the undergraduate handbook/ School guidance booklets on writing assignments and project reports if needed. It is helpful to write clear and well-structured assignments, where you present your argument lucidly and in an informed manner, with due reference to appropriate theoretical concepts and relevant real-life examples. Read around the topic, assess the issues involved, summarise your main points, think of a suitable analytical framework and essay structure, then write your report.

Or, to quote Lewis Carroll (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Chapter XII): The White Rabbit put on his spectacles [see Fig 1 & 2]. ‘Where shall I begin, please your Majesty?’ he asked. ‘Begin at the beginning,’ the King said gravely, ‘and go on till you come to the end: then stop.’

Additional information of what should be included in the assignment:

The financial crisis in 2007: its impact on R&D | Global Debt Bubble

How did the financial crisis effect on R&D?

  1. Meaning of financial crisis 2007
  2. High technology industries that require R&D – drags, IT, electronic components, scientific & medical equipment instrument, software.
  3. Market forms
    • Reserves\internal capital market
    • Above normal profit
    • Govt. subsidy
  4. Asymmetric information
  5. Tax considerations
  6. Effect on asset specificity
  7. Any normal hazards
  8. R&D activities
    • New knowledge and productivity (based on productivity and product)
    • Budgeting impact on R&D



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